QUALITY AREA 2: CHILDREN’S HEALTH AND SAFETY
ADMINISTRATION OF FIRST AID POLICY
POLICY: The centre will plan for and respond effectively to accidents and medical emergencies.
BACKGROUND: First aid is the emergency aid or treatment given to persons suffering illness or injury following an accident and prior to obtaining professional medical services if required. It includes emergency treatment,maintenance of records, dressing of minor injuries, recognition and reporting of health hazards and participation in safety programs.
Our preschool is committed to providing a safe and healthy environment. We recognise our responsibility to provide first aid facilities that are adequate for the immediate treatment of injuries and illnesses. The educators and staff of our preschool are aware of their duty of care to children, families, staff and visitors in providing appropriate first aid treatment.
- Education and Care Preschools National Law Act 2010;167, 169
- Education and Care Preschools National Regulations 2011: 87, 89, 136, 137(1)(e), 168(2)(a), 245
- Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004
- Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998
LINKS TO NATIONAL QUALITY STANDARD:
· 2.3 Each child is protected.
We will ensure:
- all permanent educators hold a first aid qualification;
- all children, staff, families and visitors who are involved in accidents and incidents whilst at the centre and require first aid to be administered will be done so according to guidelines and recommended practices of a first aid qualification;
- all incidents will be documented and stored according to regulatory requirements
- a risk management approach to health and safety shall be adopted.
First Aid Qualifications
All permanent educators hold a current approved first aid qualification, including emergency asthma and anaphylaxis management training
First Aid Qualifications must be acquired through an approved provider as deemed so by ACECQA (see sources link).
Copies of First Aid Qualifications will be stored in Staff Records.
First Aid Action Response
Generally first aid is provided in response to unpredictable illness or injury.
Education and childcare workers have an obligation to ensure parents and guardians are informed about first aid provided to their children.
The Need for an Ambulance
An ambulance will be called when the following instances (but not limited to) occur to a person or child at the preschool:
- unconsciousness or an altered conscious state;
- experiencing difficulty breathing;
- showing signs of shock;
- experiencing severe bleeding, or who is vomiting blood or passing blood;
- slurred speech;
- injuries to the head, neck or back; and
- possible broken bones.
Infection and Prevention Control
Adequate infection and prevention control must be practiced at all times when administering first aid or cleaning up blood or body fluids. The following infection control procedures must always be adhered to:
- cover cuts and abrasions with water proof occlusive dressing to avoid contamination of cuts/abrasions with another person’s blood and/or body fluids;
- wear protective gloves when in contact with body fluids, non-intact skin and mucous membranes;
- wear a mask and eye protection where there is a risk of splashing blood or other body fluids;
- remove any broken glass or sharp material with forceps or tongs and place in container;and
- wash hands thoroughly after direct contact with injured person or blood/body fluids with warm soapy water, rinse, dry and sanitise hands using an alcohol-based rub or gel.
Poisons Information Centre
The Poisons Information Centre telephone number 131 126 is displayed next to every telephone in the preschool.
The Approved Provider will;
· Ensure that every reasonable precaution is taken to protect children at the preschool from harm and hazards that are likely to cause injury (Section 167).
· Ensure that at least one educator with current approved first aid qualifications (refer to Definitions) is in attendance and immediately available at all times that children are being educated and cared for by the preschool (Regulation 136(1) (a)). This can be the same person who has anaphylaxis management training and emergency asthma management training, also required under the Regulations.
· Advise families that a list of first aid and other health products used by the preschool is available for their information.
· Provide and maintaining an appropriate number of up-to-date, fully-equipped first aid kits that meet Australian Standards.
· Provide and maintaining a portable first aid kit that can be taken offsite for excursions and other activities.
· Ensure that first aid training details are recorded on each staff member’s record.
· Ensure safety signs showing the location of first aid kits are clearly displayed.
· Ensure there is an induction process for all new staff, casual and relief staff, that includes providing information on the location of first aid kits and specific first aid requirements.
· Ensure a resuscitation flow chart is displayed in a prominent position in the indoor and outdoor environments of the preschool.
· Keep up to date with any changesin procedures for administration of first aid and ensuring that all educatorsare informed of these changes.
The Nominated Supervisor will;
Ensure that all staff approved first aid qualifications, anaphylaxis management training and emergency asthma management training are current, meet the requirements of the National Act(Section 169(4)) and National Regulations (Regulation 137), and are approved by ACECQA (refer to Sources).
· Ensure a portable first aid kitis taken on all excursions and other offsite activities.
· Monitor the contents of all firstaid kits and arranging with the approved provider for replacement of stock,including when the use-by date has been reached.
· Dispose of out-of-date materialsappropriately.
· Keep up to date with any changes
The Early Childhood Educator/Certified Supervisor will;
Implement appropriate first aid procedures when necessary.
· Maintain current approved first aid qualifications, and qualifications in anaphylaxis management and emergency asthma management, as required.
· Ensure that all children are adequately supervised while providing first aid and comfort for a child involved in an incident or suffering trauma.
· Ensure that the details of any incident requiring the administration of first aid are recorded on the incident, injury, trauma and illness record (refer to definitions).
· Notify the nominated supervisor six months prior to the expiration of their first aid, asthma or anaphylaxis accredited training.
· Providing the required information for the preschool’s medication record.
· Providing written consent (via the enrolment record) for preschool staff to administer first aid and call an ambulance, if required.
· Being contactable, either directly or through emergency contacts listed on the child’s enrolment record,in the event of an incident requiring the administration of first aid.
· Paying for any costs associated with an ambulance call out.
· Management and staff will monitor and review the effectiveness of the first aid policy regularly. Updated information will be incorporated as needed.
Policy reviewed November 2015