QUALITY AREA 2: CHILDREN’S HEALTH AND SAFETY
SUN PROTECTION POLICY – SUN SMART
Policy:The centre will protect children from the dangerous and adverse effects of sun exposure.
Background: Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation in childhood is a major risk factor for developing skin cancer in later life. By implementing a best practice Sun Protection Policy and practices Bexley Jack and Jill Preschool can help protect staff, educators and children from UV radiation and teach children good sun protection habits from an early age. Too little UV from the sun can lead to low Vitamin D levels. Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones and muscles and for general health.
- Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010 – Section 167 – Protection from harm and hazards
- Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011
Links to National Quality Standard:
· 2.3.2 Every reasonable precautionis taken to protect children from harm or any hazard likely to cause injury
· 7.3.5 Service practices are basedon effectively documented policies and procedures that are available at theservice and reviewed regularly
· The Cancer Council NSW: www.cancercouncil.com.au
· Australian Children’s Education andCare Quality authority (ACECQA) www.acecqa.gov.au
· NSW Cancer Council Sun ProtectionPolicy Sample
· Community Child Care CooperativeSun Protection Sample Policy
To whom this policy applies:
The policy applies to children, staff, families and visitors attending Bexley Jack and Jill Preschool Inc.
When this policy applies:
This policy applies all year round.
· Ensure all children, educators and staff have some UV exposure forvitamin D.
· Ensure all children, educators and staff are well protected fromtoo much UV exposure by using a combination of sun protection measures wheneverUV levels reach 3 and above.
· Ensure the outdoor environment is sun safe and provides shade forchildren, educators and staff.
· Ensure children are encouraged and supported to developindependent sun protection skills.
· Support duty of care and regulatory requirements.
· Support appropriate OHS strategies to minimise UV risk andassociated harms for educators, staff and visitors.
Our preschool will continue to be a SunSmart service.
Bexley Jack and Jillpreschool will;
SCHEDULING OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES
The service will use a combination of sun protection measures whenever UV Index levels reach 3 and above. This will include:
· From October to March: Minimise outdoor activity between 11 am and 3 pm (daylight saving time). Sun protectionpractices are required at all times when outside.
o The service will schedule the main outdoor activity period before and after peak UV periods of the day.
o The main Outdoor Activity session will be held on the children’s arrival at preschool - 9.00 am - 10.30 am. Sunscreen will be reapplied to children priorto lunch time during this period.
· From April to September: Outdoor activity can be planned at any time of the day. Sun protection practices are required between 10 am and 2 pm (Eastern Standard Time), except in June and July when the UV Index is mostly below 3.
· Sun protection will be a specific consideration for excursions.
o Timing, sunscreen application/re-application and the use of shade will be considered.
o Parents will be informed of specific sun protection requirements, e.g. hat/ clothing.
· All activities will be planned to occur in shaded areas. Play activities will be set up in the shade and moved throughoutthe day to take advantage of shade patterns.
· The service will provide and maintain adequate shade for outdoor activity. Shade options will include a combination of natural and built shade. Priority will be given to areas where children play for extended periods, e.g. sand pit,water play, table activities, climbing equipment.
· The preschool currently has shadeprovided by 3 shade sails, 1 large tree and a veranda awning.
· As far as possible, staff will encourage and model play in shaded/covered areaswith the children while outdoors.
· Children and educators are required to wear sun safe hats that protect the face, neck,ears and crown of the head for outdoor activities. A sun safe hat is:
o a legionnaire hat OR
o a broad brimmed hat with a brim of at least 6 cm (adults 7.5 cm) OR
o a bucket-style hat with a brim size of at least 5 cm (adults 6cm) and a deepcrown
o Please note: Baseball caps orvisors do not provide enough sun protection and therefore are not recommended.
· Parents are required to provide their child with a hat each day.
· Spare hats will be kept for children to wear if parents forget to send in a hat. When worn, these hats should be washed at the end of each day.
· Educators will ensure children are wearing suitable hats when outdoors.
· If a child refuses to wear a hat the child is directed to remain in the shade and issue is discussed with parents.
· Educators will provide their ownhats.
· Spare hats will be kept at Centre for use by staff who have forgotten hat
· When outdoors children and educators will wear sun safe clothing that covers as much of the skin (especially the shoulders, back and stomach) as possible.This includes wearing:
o Longer fitting shirts and dresseswith sleeves and collars and covered neckline
o Longer style skirts, shorts andtrousers
o Please note: midriff, crop orsinglet tops do not provide enough sun protection and therefore are notrecommended.
· Parents will be advised on enrolment of the requirement to dress children in sun protective clothing.
· Spare clothing will be kept if children attend the service inadequately dressed and a reminder note concerning clothing requirements will be sent home that day.
· It is recommended that staff wear sunglassesthat meet the Australian Standard 1067 (optional)
· Families and visitors will be requested to wear appropriate clothing and hats when involved in service activities.
· The service will provide SPF 30+, broad spectrum, water resistant sunscreen for use by staff and children.
· Sunscreen is stored in a cool, dry place and the use by date is monitored.
· Parents will be informed that sunscreen will be applied.Parents are informed of the brand and SPF.
· Permission is sought in the form of parental signature on enrolment. If permission to apply the sunscreen is not granted, parents will be asked to provide sunscreen for their own child.
· If for some reason a child cannotwear sunscreen, s/he will be required to cover up with a long sleeved top witha collar or high neck and long pants and wear an appropriate hat.
· On arrival, parents are required to ensure sunscreen has been applied correctly to their child before morning outdoor play.(Application of sunscreen twenty minutes before exposure to the sun isnecessary for the sunscreen to be effective.)
· Sunscreen will be applied in a way that avoids cross infection e.g. children taught to apply sunscreen themselves.
· Staff will ensure re-application of sunscreen on the children after 2 hours or 20 minutes before returning outdoors (during Terms 1 and 4).
· Staff will be expected to apply and reapply sunscreen to themselves before outdoor activities.
* The World HealthOrganisation reports that people with naturally very dark brown or black skin(skin that rarely or never burns) may not be required to wear sunscreen as themelanin in their skin can often tolerate higher levels of UV radiationwithout burning. This is a decision for families to make. Hats remain necessaryto protect the student’s eyes from UV damage. With parental consent, childrenwith naturally very dark skin are not required to wear sunscreen to help withvitamin D requirements.
Educators will act as role modelsand demonstrate sun safety behaviour by:
· Wearing a sun safe hat (see Hats)
· Wearing sun safe clothing (seeClothing)
· Applying SPF30+ broad –spectrum water-resistant sunscreen 20 minutes before going outdoors
· Using and promoting shade
· Wearing sunglasses that meet theAustralian Standard 1067 (optional)
EDUCATION AND INFORMATION
· Sun protection will be incorporated regularly into learning programs.Sun protection information will be promoted to all children, staff, familiesand visitors. Further information is available from the Cancer Council website www.cancercouncil.com.au/sunsmart
· Posters will be displayed and literature will be available to families and visitors.
· Sun protection will be incorporated in enrolment information, excursion notes and parent newsletters.
· Information may need to be provided in various languages to ensure CALD (culturally and linguistically diverse) parents and carers understand the need for sun protection for all children.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The Approved Provider will:
· Ensure the service operates in line with the Education and Care Services National Law and National Regulations 2011.
The Nominated Supervisor will:
· Ensurechildren are adequately supervised, are not subject to inappropriatediscipline, and are protected from harms and hazards.
· EnsureSun protection information will be promoted to all staff, families andvisitors.
· Providesupport and advice to all staff with regard to implementation of the sunprotection policy.
Early Childhood Educators/Certified supervisors will:
· Adhere to the strategies and practices of the Sun Protection Policy.
· Educators and staff will act as role models and demonstrate sun safe behaviour by:
o Wearing a sun safe hat (see Hats).
o Wearing sun safe clothing (see Clothing).
o Applying SPF30+ broad-spectrum water-resistantsunscreen 20 minutes before going outdoors.
o Using and promoting shade.
· Check the UV Alert on a daily basis during the summer months at sunsmart.com.au
· To dress my child in cool clothing that covers as much skin as possible e.g. tops that cover the shoulders, arms and chest, collared shirts, longer style shorts.
· To provide a sun protective hat that shades the face, neck and ears (e.g. wide brimmed, bucket or legionnaire style).
· Unless my child has naturally very dark brown or black skin, to give permission for educators/staff to apply SPF 30 or higher broad spectrum, water resistant sunscreen supplied by the service to all exposed parts of my child’s skin including their face, neck, ears, arms and legs.
· To give permission for educators/staff to apply SPF 30 or higher broad spectrum sunscreen (that I have supplied and labelled with my child/children’s name) to all exposed parts of my child’s skin including their face, neck, ears, arms anlegs. I agree that this sunscreen will be kept at the service and it is myresponsibility to make sure there is always an adequate supply available.
· Encouragedto practise Sun Smart behaviours themselves when at the service.
The sun protection policy, updates and requirements (including hat,clothing and sunscreen) will be made available to staff, families and visitors.
Management and staff will monitorand review the effectiveness of the sun protection policy regularly.The sun protection policy must be submitted every two years to the CancerCouncil for review to ensure continued best practice. Refer to the Cancer Council’sguidelines and website www.cancercouncil.com.au/sunsmart for furtherinformation
The preschool demonstrates Sun Smart behaviours with the wearing of suitable clothing and application of sunscreen.
· Sun exposure is limited through out the day in accordance with Cancer Council recommendations.
· The curriculum and program incorporates sun safety awareness experience.
Policy reviewed June 2015
Let’s be Sun Smart
@Bexley Jack and Jill Preschool
Unprotected exposure to the sun in childhoodsignificantly increases the risk of developing skin cancer in later life. Byimplementing sun protection policies that reduce exposure to the sun’s harmfulultra violet rays we can reduce this risk of skin cancer.
· placea legionnaire or broad brimmed hat in your child’s bag each day. This will beworn during outdoor play ALL YEAR. Baseball style caps are not suitable as theydo not provide adequate protection.
· dressyour child in sun protective clothing – shirts or dresses with collars or highnecks and sleeves; trousers, longer shorts or skirts made from closely wovenmaterial
· applysunscreen to your child before leaving home or on arrival at preschool. Thereis sunscreen available in the playrooms. This will be reapplied later duringthe day.
Bexley Jack and Jill Preschool has a Sun Smart Policyavailable to read in the foyer – please see staff for further information